George Santayana wrote, "Those that fail to learn from history, are doomed to repeat it." My grandfather, Vincent Trnka, migrated to New York City, ca., 1914 from the City of Vienna which was part of the Austrian-Hungarian Empire. He married American born Rose Vajda. Rose lost her U.S. Citizenship due to the Expatriation Act of 1907 which tried to discourage American women from marrying foreigners. This act was repealed in 1922 by the Married Women's Act. Rose still had to apply for US. citizenship. They raised a family of three boys.