As a child, Sophia Gemilich was brought to the US by her father and stepmother from a small village in Germany. My great great grandmother was first married to another German immigrant in Lower Manhattan, who died within 10 years. Her second husband, also a naturalized German, and she spent the next 20 years in a part of the Lower East side known as Kleindeutschland (Little Germany). It was among the largest concentrations of Germans in the world at the time. Sophia and her family later became more assimilated and lived in other more cross cultural areas of New York, as was the pattern for other groups of immigrants to America, even today.