People are often surprised to find out that my parents were immigrants. I suspect that this is partially because immigration today is primarily seen as a racial issue. My panel concerns my father who came to the United States from Germany in November 1938 two weeks before Kristallnacht - violent anti-Jewish pogroms that occurred throughout Germany. It took twelve months for his family to receive immigration visas from the United States. His family was fortunate. If they had not immigrated, they probably would have been shipped to Auschwitz.