Barbara Mandel

Mandel_ Barbara.jpg

The panel tells my the story about my grandmother's shtetl in Russia (now Belarus), which suffered pogroms, including fires, looting, and destruction of Jewish property, beginning in the 1800's. It depicts the marketplace, where Jews gathered to shop for items such as herring, pots and wheat, and to go to synagogue. In 1941 the Nazis massacred all 1,600 Jews in the shtetl. My grandmother, fortunately, immigrated to the U.S. in 1898, well before the 1941 massacre.